About the Municipal Board
Rangia Municipal Board is Municipal board of Kamrup Rural District, was established on 1st January, 1956. With a population of 27,889 (as per 2011 census), Rangial Municipality covers an area of 9.25 sq. Km.. The Municipality authority of Rangia is consistantly working heard to provide better, clean, hygenic urban facilities to the citizen of the town. Rangia Municipal Board has total administration over 6,215 houses to which it supplies basic urban amenities . It is also authorize to build roads, construct drain system, develop PARK, within Municipal Board limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.The river Borolia flows through the heart of the town works as a blessing of God.
One source suggest that the word Rangiya derived from Indic word rang (colour), meaning colourful. But another source suggest that the word Rangia derived from Assamese word RAN and Thali, means BATTLE FIELD during the period of Ahom, Koch and Mughal Kings. From the word RAN the name of Rangia is viewed to be originated.
In Ancient times it was part of Ancient Kamrup, and subsequently included in Kamapitha division of Kamarupa Kingdom. In modern times, Rangiya is part of Kamrupi cultural region.
Rangia, a trade and commerce cum service town is located on the northern bank of River Brahmaputra at a distacne of 52 KM. from Guwahati with its cardinal points, 26.47°N 91.63°E. It has an average elevation of 39 metres (128 feet). The river Borolia flows through the heart of the city. The Rangia Town is Sub-Divisional headquarter of Rangia Subdivison of Kamrup Rural District.The NH-31 passes throgh Rangia connecting it to all major urban centres of Assam and rest of India. Rangia is a major Railway Junction of Assam and now head quarter of Railway Division, established at the heart of Rangia Town. The Presence of Headquarters of Mountain Division of Indian Army along with its Engineering wing which is housed in the massive campuses in and around the town has contributed to the rapidly developing environment of the area. Further, Rangia is a gateway to neighbouring country BHUTAN and its advangeous affinity to this foreign country keeps wide avenues of international trade in both India and Bhutan.
As of 2011 India Census, Rangiya had a population of 27,889. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Rangiya has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 67%. In Rangiya, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Rangia is well connected by Road and Railway. The National Highway - 31 (NH -31) from Jalukbari (Assam) to Borohi (Bihar) is running through the southern part of the town. All the places of India is well connected to the Rangia by road. Rangiya is important transit point in the region, nearly all trains halts at Rangia Railway Station. It is junction station on the New Bongaigoan - Guwahati Section of Barauni-Guwahati line. It is one of the divisional headquarters of Northeast Frontier Railways. The century old 450 km (280 mi) long Rangiya-Murkongselek metre gauge (3ft 3 3/8 in) line has been converted into Broad Gauge (5 ft 6 in) and has been opened to trafic. The nearest Airport is Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi Internationl Airport is 56 Km way.
The Climate of the area affects human activities to a great extent. Rangia has a similar climatic condition with rest of the Brahmaputra valley with hot humid summer and cool dry winter. Mean annual maximum and minimum temperatures of those towns are 36.5 C and 8.1 C respectively. There is sufficient rainfall in summer with an annual average of 1852.20mm and a Ralative Humidity of 75%